POLITIQUESOCIÉTÉ

Chita Pale | Comprendre l’histoire des référendums en Haïti avec Victor Benoit


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Ce sont les américains qui introduisent la pratique référendaire en Haïti en 1918. Déjà, l’exercice sert à justifier la réintroduction, depuis Jean Pierre Boyer, d’une clause constitutionnelle permettant aux étrangers de posséder des biens immobiliers en Haïti. Dans les décennies qui suivront, le processus sera utilisé par des dirigeants Haïtiens autoritaires, désireux de se perpétuer au pouvoir, ou de rallonger leurs mandats.

Il faudra attendre le référendum de mars 1987, qui a donné l’actuelle Constitution, pour observer une utilisation démocratique de l’exercice.

Dans cette discussion de longue haleine, le professeur Victor Benoit feuillette son dernier livre « 9 référendums pour renforcer la dictature » pour vous aider à saisir le passé sulfureux de cet pratique dans le pays.


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